This article originally appeared on Diginomica.com; it has been modified for this space.
Everyone is moving to the cloud, no doubt about it. How to take advantage of the cloud is the multi-million dollar question. Get stampeded into making the wrong decision, and you could wind up throwing away millions. Do it right, and the payoff can be immense.
Not everything in the cloud is automatically better and cheaper and more innovative. While great efficiencies are possible, it's also easy to overprovision unneeded capacity or allow unmonitored services to balloon out of control because you've configured them to scale up automatically. You can subscribe to Software as a Service applications that lock you into using that vendor forever after, or that make it very difficult to switch.
Even for cloud products that have positive-sounding words like "autonomous" or "elastic" baked into their names, success is not automatic. You must make sure these services aren't stretching you in a direction you don't want to go.
Understanding the full range of cloud deployment options is particularly important in the context of ERP, where vendors have been playing up SaaS incarnations of their platforms as the quick-and-easy option. Before you follow the path of least resistance, consider your alternatives.
1. Use SaaS Where It Makes Sense
It has already been suggested there may be drawbacks to SaaS. ERPs that take a lot of blood, sweat, and tears to implement and perfect ultimately become the "heart and brain" of the organization. Moving to a SaaS ERP, even from the same vendor, means potentially throwing away those years of work on customizations and integrations that may not meet the vendor's definition of "best practices."
Worse, you may also find that some of your most business-critical ERP applications, such as shop floor automation and supply chain management, do not have equally capable SaaS equivalents.
Nevertheless, you may decide that the benefits outweigh the drawbacks. Even if you won't move the whole company, SaaS ERP might make sense for a division or a newly acquired company.
On the other hand, some companies have concluded their ERP implementations are such a mess that they should start over in the cloud. Even then, they can be typically seen phasing in SaaS ERP but continuing to rely on their established platform during a transition that could take years.
2. Lift and Shift Trusted Applications
Many customers are more satisfied than not with their current ERP and would rather invest their time and talent in other, revenue-producing applications.
Those who don't think their organization needs a heart transplant still may conclude it needs to build new muscles. They can begin running their existing ERPs (customizations and all) on cloud infrastructure and gradually weave in other cloud services.
Question those who disparage this "lift and shift" strategy for moving an existing ERP to cloud hosting - even if the application itself remains more or less unchanged. For example, a customer achieved better performance with cloud hosting its Oracle EBS system, partly because the cloud provider set them up on its latest and greatest server hardware. Now they no longer worry about replacing and refreshing hardware, and achieving high availability. In addition, disaster recovery (a capability they never had before) is just a matter of taking advantage of the cloud provider's distributed architecture.
3. Take Advantage of World-Class Infrastructure
Unless you work for a Fortune 100 company that has made considerable investments in building cloud-like data centers, you can't hope to match the economies of scale and DevOps expertise that exist within companies such as Amazon Web Services or Microsoft Azure. Between them, they have spent many billions creating over 200 data centers across over 100+ countries and regions.
These are resources you could never hope to field on your own.
4. Access Leading-Edge Cloud Resources
When leading IT at a previous company, one of the benefits realized from moving applications to the cloud was the ability to begin applying machine learning techniques to analyzing the activities of field services technicians in order to deploy them more effectively. That's not something easily tackled without access to cloud tools that made it straightforward to get started without a huge investment. But neither did it require a wholesale migration.
Strategic use of the cloud allows you to begin asking questions and creating solutions that otherwise would have lingered forever out of reach because of cost and technical barriers. Datamation makes the same point in its report, Cloud Computing 2019: Using the Cloud for Competitive Advantage.
Taking advantage of advanced cloud services becomes much more practical when your applications and data are already there. That means getting your applications not just into "the cloud" but into the right cloud. Microsoft, Amazon and Google are investing billions in creating next generation data management tools - and you can take advantage of them for pennies on the dollar. No longer limited by the need to order, install and configure servers, you can deploy cutting edge data services in minutes.
5. Earn Your Cloud Cred
Certainly, there has been a pivot in the corporate world. A few years ago, you could express doubt about embracing the cloud, and company leaders would nod approvingly at your caution. Today, IT leaders who are not prepared to go all-in on the cloud as your modernization strategy must be prepared to explain themselves because "everybody knows" the cloud is the future.
You may indeed score points with company leaders by showing you are embracing that future, but it won't last if the moves you make do more harm than good for the business.
You do not have to move everything to the cloud, and you should not rush anything. Pick your spots and start taking advantage of the cloud technologies with the potential to make the greatest positive business impact.
Getting to the Cloud on Your Terms: 3 Things That Get in the Way
If you have invested heavily in your existing ERP solution, now may not be the best time to transition these critical systems. Here are three reasons why.
Michael Bathon, Vice President, Cloud Services
Michael Bathon is leading the growth of Rimini Street’s Cloud Services practice. He has 28 years of experience working with telecommunications, managed services, and cloud technologies. Since beginning his career at EDS, he has worked at Nextel, Sprint and Convergys, where he led development, production and customer-facing organizations. Prior to joining Rimini Street, he was leading the IT organization at Goodman Networks. Mr. Bathon had also worked with Rimini Street twice as a client, using its services for more cost-effective support of Oracle applications at two different organizations. He is a graduate of the University of Notre Dame and received his MBA from the Florida Institute of Technology.